Surgeon to Washington, Dr. John Cochran, 1730-1807
Saffron, Morris H.
Price: 75.00 USD
New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. x, , 302,  p. Illustrations. Footnotes. "Unpublished Letters relating to the Medical Department". Select Bibliography. Note on Index. Index. Dr. John Cochran, was the fourth and undoubtedly an extremely effective Director General of the Medical Department of the Continental Army. The work is divided into two parts: a biography of Cochran and a collection of letters written to and from this military medical professional who helped found the Medical Society of New Jersey, led the effort to innoculate members of the Continental Army against smallpox, and who at Valley Forge personally attended to the needs of Washington and Lafayette. From Wikipedia: "Cochran was born in Sadsbury, Pennsylvania, the son of Irish immigrants. He served as physician under Lieutenant-Colonel John Bradstreet during his march on Fort Frontenac in 1758. He was one of the founders of New Jersey Medical Society and served as its president in 1769. On April 10, 1777, Cochran was made Physician & Surgeon General of the Middle Department of the Medical Department of the Continental Army. Subsequently, he became Physician and Surgeon General of the Continental Army and Director General of the Hospitals of the United States (January 17, 1781 to 1783). Because of the infighting and other troubles of his three predecessors as Surgeon General, he is considered by some military medical historians as the "best of the Revolutionary period chief physicians". He was married to Gertrude Schuyler, sister of Gen. Philip Schuyler. Cochran's descendants added a final e to the family name. His grandson was General John Cochrane. The John Cochran Veterans Medical Center in St. Louis, Mo is named in his behalf." The author was a practicing physician, a professor at the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, a former president of the Academy of Medicine of New Jersey and a trustee of the New Jersey Historical Society. From the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey website: "Morris H. Saffron, MD, PhD (1905-1993) was born in Passaic, NJ. He earned a bachelor's degree in 1925 from Columbia University and his medical degree from the University of Maryland in 1928. Dr. Saffron was an authority on American Colonial medicine, archivist and historian of the New Jersey Medical Society, and a practicing dermatologist in New Jersey and New York. He returned to Columbia in the 1960s to study history and earn a Masters degree and later, a doctorate in the field in 1968. Dr. Saffron authored several books including Samuel Clossy: The Existing Works (1967), Maurus of Salerno (1972), and Surgeon to Washington: Dr. John Cochran, 1730-1807 (1977), as well as many articles on medical history topics. In 1940, he was called to active service as a flight surgeon, having qualified for the position before the eruption of World War II, and served as chief medical officer of the New York Aviation Cadet Examining Board for two years. He later served as chief of dermatology at several Army hospitals, retiring as a lieutenant colonel in 1945, when he resumed his medical practice in New Jersey (and later in New York) and active participation in professional associations. He served as president of the New Jersey Dermatological Society, then as president of the Academy of Medicine of New Jersey, and later of the New Jersey Academy of Science. In 1958, Dr. Saffron was hired as professor by the new Seton Hall College of Medicine to deliver the first formal series of lectures on medical history offered in the state. He subsequently taught medical history at Kean College (now University), the former Rutgers Medical School (now UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School), and the former New Jersey College of Medicine (now UMDNJ). Dr. Saffron served as chairman of the Friends of the Columbia Libraries from 1967 to 1972. In 1974, Columbia University awarded him its Presidential Citation for Distinction. He served as a trustee of the New Jersey Historical Society until his death. Dr. Saffron was a fellow of the American Antiquarian Society, the Morgan Library, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Dr. Saffron was one of the founders. Presumed first edition/first printing. Very good in good dust jacket. DJ has some wear and soiling.